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The University of Mississippi informed outspoken history professor Dr. Garrett Felber on Dec. 10, 2020, that it planned to terminate him. Photo by Christian Johnson/ Ole Miss Digital Imaging Services

UM Fires History Professor Who Criticizes ‘Powerful, Racist Donors’ and ‘Carceral State’

During a period of what University of Mississippi faculty are calling a time of increasing paranoia, the university is set to terminate a celebrated professor of history. Today, sources provided the Mississippi Free Press with a copy of a termination letter sent to Dr. Garrett Felber, a tenure-track assistant professor in the Arch Dalrymple III Department of History. Dr. Felber has undertaken an intimate study of the American carceral state and dedicates much of his time to educating and empowering those who are imprisoned in the United States.

History department chair Dr. Noell Wilson publicly praised Felber, author of “Those Who Know Don’t Say:The Nation of Islam, the Black Freedom Movement and the Carceral State,” in August after he was awarded a one-year fellowship at the W.E.B. Du Bois Research Institute at Harvard University’s Hutchins Center for African and African American Research, for which he is on leave from UM for the 2020-2021 academic year. Felber is also the co-author of “The Portable Malcolm X Reader” with the late Manning Marable who won a Pulitzer Prize for his biography of Malcolm X. 

University of Mississippi history professor Garrett Felber is a Malcolm X, anti-racism and decarceral scholar, publishing this book earlier this year.

“Garrett is an indefatigable researcher and community builder whose knowledge of the carceral state stems not merely from archival digging, but also from his volunteer engagement with prisons as a teacher,” Wilson told a representative from University of Mississippi News four months ago. “… We are thrilled with this award because it both recognizes his national profile in the field of African American history and provides critical space for him to advance two pioneering interpretive projects.”

But in a Dec. 10 letter, Wilson told Felber that his last day as a tenure-track professor at the University of Mississippi will be Dec. 31, 2021. 

“I am writing to inform you that I have recommended to the Dean of the College of Liberal Arts that you receive a one-year notice of nonrenewal pursuant to the University of Mississippi’s Termination of Untenured Faculty policy,” Wilson wrote to Felber. “Your employment with the University will end on December 31, 2021, and your employment contract will not be renewed after that date. At the pertinent time, I will notify you of your assigned responsibilities for the fall 2021 academic semester.” 

Wilson referred frequently to what she claims is Felber’s refusal to speak with her, concluding her letter: “Respectfully, your effort to dictate or restrict the means by which I communicate with you is untenable.Your repeated refusal to talk with me makes it impossible for me to maintain a productive working relationship with you or supervise your faculty responsibilities.”

The history professor says, however, that he did not refuse to communicate with Dr. Wilson, choosing to do it in writing. Emails between the department chair and professor, who is currently living in Oregon during the pandemic, show that Felber and Wilson communicated multiple times throughout November and December. Wilson also communicated with Felber through an administrative assistant.

‘A Chilling Effect’

On Oct. 28, 2020, Felber announced on his Twitter feed that Wilson had rejected a $42,000 grant the department was awarded for a program called “Study and Struggle,” which the professor is involved with and describes as a political education project on mass incarceration and immigrant detention. 

Felber tweeted that Wilson communicated to him that the project was political rather than historical and could potentially harm the history department’s ability to procure funding. According to that thread, this rejection came two days after the university publicized a $57,000 grant from, an organization funded by technology companies that focuses on immigration and prison-systems reform.

In October, Felber made clear his position that the university’s relationship with powerful, racist donors was once again at play on the Oxford campus, tweeting, “The real issue is that (UM) prioritizes racist donors over all else. So it’s not some mythic politics v. history binary, but that this antiracist program threatens racist donor money. And racism is the brand. It’s in the name.”

Felber then described where the “Study and Struggle” grant money goes.

University of Mississippi history chair Dr. Noell Wilson informed Dr. Garrett Felber on Dec. 10, 2020, that he was being terminated, saying it was due to poor communication. Photo University of Mississippi

“This grant supports things like books for incarcerated participants, commissary for study groups to buy food and stamps to write pen pals, honoraria for our award-winning speakers, web design, and Spanish-translation, ASL teams, and close captioning for greater accessibility,” he tweeted.

“We’re now in the process of finding a new fiscal sponsor and removing all existing money from the University of Mississippi related to @study__struggle. We’re also looking to expand and deepen our work, so please reach out if you want to support radical study groups in prisons.”

The history professor told this reporter in October about the consequences of a university catering to the desires and complaints of racist donors.

What it does, it has a chilling effect on the ability of faculty and other people within the university to do anti-racist work. Because the university seems to be responding to the will of donors who by my definition are racist,” Felber said.

The professor has had to reconcile an undertaking of anti-racist work at a university that has never properly faced and attoned for its racist past, he explained.

“It’s been a challenge for me. I just continue to do the work,” he said in the interview. “With this particular project, the work is going to happen regardless of whether the University of Mississippi wants to be affiliated with it. Unfortunately, what it does, it makes that work much more difficult, and the weight is on faculty and largely those of us who, like in my own case, are untenured and have the most other responsibilities and the least protections. I just keep doing the work that I know is important, and I don’t let the university define for me what constitutes important research, or activism, or teaching, or any combination of those things.”

Felber is known for being vocal about prominent university faculty members and organizations. In December 2019, he kicked off the “Making and Unmaking Mass Incarceration” conference at The Lyric near the Oxford Square by revealing that it was originally supposed to be at the Overby Center for Southern Journalism and Politics.

But organizers moved the conference, Felber said, due to the center’s namesake, who teaches journalism at the university, being on the board of directors of CoreCivic, the nation’s second-largest for-profit private-prison company, since 2001. Felber projected images of Overby and information about CoreCivic onto the large overhead screen.

‘Increasing Levels of Paranoia on Campus’

When contacted by the Mississippi Free Press in October, Dr. Noell Wilson referred inquiries about Felber’s tweets and the declined grant to university communications. Chief Marketing and Communications Officer Jim Zook did not make himself available for an interview, but provided the following statement.

“The university’s decision to decline Dr. Garrett Felber’s request to accept a grant for his Mississippi Freedom Winter Project was made after several considerations and in consultation with the relevant campus offices. Dr. Felber did not follow the appropriate process for seeking external funding, a process for which he has been briefed individually by representatives of several administrative offices across campus. Dr. Felber submitted his proposal to a private charitable foundation without the knowledge of his department chair or other officials,” Zook wrote in the prepared statement.

“If he had followed UM’s process of engaging with external funders, his department chair would have had the opportunity to advise him on how best to align his proposal with the Department of History’s research, teaching and service mission as articulated in its mission statement. As a public research institution, the university is committed to supporting the work of all faculty, being good stewards of both public and private grants and ensuring that all work on behalf of UM aligns with the mission of our collective schools and units.”

When asked through an email followup if donor dissatisfaction or a perceived threat to departmental fundraising influenced the decision to reject the grant money, university communications provided no response.

Felber’s termination comes during a tense time for faculty on the University of Mississippi campus or as a different UM professor told this publication today: “Feel free to note the increasing levels of paranoia on campus.” The Mississippi Free Press reported on Dec. 8, 2020, that the university was investigating the campus ombudsman after this publication’s series on racist, sexist and homophobic emails between the now-former journalism dean and donors resulted in a university effort to out whistleblowers who provided the emails to that publication. As a result, faculty members are saying that they are concerned that the university will access the ombuds’ confidential emails from staff and students, perhaps leading to reprisal. 

Glenn Boyce
University of Mississippi Chancellor Glenn Boyce’s controversial appointment preceded a period of faculty paranoia that many professors say is worsening. The UM Faculty Senate recently voted to ask Boyce to support sociology professor James Thomas and academic freedom. Photo: University of Mississippi

This afternoon, Chancellor Glenn Boyce sent an email to faculty members indicating that he is looking for an interim ombudsman, but providing no details on the status of the current ombudsman, who Mississippi Free Press reporter Ashton Pittman is reporting is on administrative leave but receiving full pay.

This reporter also reported on Dec. 9 that the UM faculty senate had voted to call on Chancellor Glenn Boyce, who took the position in a cloud of campus controversy, to support sociology professor James Thomas as the Mississippi state auditor targets him for participating in #ScholarStrike, an anti-racism educational effort among college academics across the United States.

“I’m just so deeply dismayed by the willingness of faculty and administrators at all levels of the university who acquiesce to the will of these powerful racist, donors,” Felber told this reporter in October. 

“Individually, these people will continue to tell me they respect the work, and appreciate it, and support it, and will until the push from above comes, and then they willfully misrepresent and do things like what my chair did,” Felber said then.

“It’s all very calculated and it feels—it’s not just structurally racist, it’s also personally betraying to say that you support these things, then when it actually matters they always acquiesce. It just has a profound effect on all of us doing the work to actually continue to do the stuff that matters and not get mired in calling the university out for its lies continually. The people that that harms the most are the people who benefit from these projects. People who are already excluded from the university through structural racism.” 

Correction: We have corrected the above story to reflect that Dr. Garrett Felber is an assistant professor, not an associate professor. We apologize for the error.

UPDATE: Following the publication of the following story about Dr. Felber’s termination, several prominent writers and scholars—including Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor, Cornel West and Walter Johnson—pledged to boycott involvement with the University of Mississippi until there is a full public accounting of his firing. There are also demands for the anti-racism scholar to be fully reinstated in his position as a tenure-track assistant professor of history.

In a letter addressed to UM Chancellor Glenn Boyce and Dr. Noell Wilson and shared as a Google Doc in social media, those figures signed to express their “shock and dismay” at Felber’s firing. As of this writing, the letter had 50 pages filled with academic co-signers from around the country and was still growing.

Until the signers’ demands are met, the letter states, “We collectively pledge to refuse all invitations to speak at, conduct professional service for, or otherwise be associated with the University of Mississippi until this egregious assault on academic freedom is reversed.”

Also see: Full archive of Mississippi Free Press coverage of higher education in Mississippi, including coverage of the state investigation of sociology professor James Thomas starting with this piece, as well as coverage of the still-unfolding UM/journalism school email saga, with email-related stories in order from oldest to newest here.

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