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Meredith Coleman McGee encourages Mississippians to become involved in community-activism efforts to redraw political maps of the state to give voters more accurate representation in local and state government. Photo by Pieter van de Sande on Unsplash / Graphic by Kristin Brenemen

Redistricting Matters: Mississippians Could Have Fairer Representation with Newly Drawn Maps

New political boundaries should be Mississippians’ new “bread and butter” as we approach a crucial time where residents’ voices could make a difference.

This year, three community organizations in Mississippi—Southern Echo, One Voice and the Mississippi NAACP—have joined forces to rally community activism in the redistricting process. The Mississippi NAACP has already presented alternative plans at the state level, while Southern Echo and One Voice are working to ensure fair maps at the county and municipal levels.

The three organizations are inviting fellow Mississippians to the table.

Redistricting, also known as reapportionment, is the process of redrawing the political boundaries for state, county and municipal elections. New ward and district maps are redrawn after the 10-year census to align population shifts. New maps must reapportion the population growth or decline, as well as remain compact and adhere to the “One Person, One Vote” principle.

As of Jan. 25, 2022, the U.S. congressional district map divided Mississippi into four districts, whereas the state previously had five districts. Map courtesy State of Mississippi

The districts for the state and congressional level have concluded, and they came into effect earlier this year, but county- and municipal-level maps are still being finalized. Learning about the issue now can help us band together to effect more change for the better come the next redistricting cycle.

Historically, Mississippi’s reapportionment maps have favored the interests of the white majority. Not much has changed. Today, political maps favor one of the two key political parties over the other. One is “red.” One is ”blue.”

Underdogs in Blue

Nearly 250 years ago, American colonists decried that “taxation without representation” was unacceptable and would not work. Their resistance led to the American Revolution, a bloody war to control taxes, resources and land. Great Britain’s troops wore red. Gen. George Washington’s soldiers, meanwhile, wore blue.

As a number of historians would attest, many of today’s Republican Party members tout ideals reminiscent of the Democratic Party of generations past—in a similar vein as how present-day Democrats align themselves with certain values that those who called themselves Republicans boasted at one point. Political rhetoric and colors may change over time, but political power turns the economy, which equates to the very bread and butter families put on their kitchen tables and how those in power allocate state resources.

A scan of the front page of Mississippi Free Press from 1964
The original Mississippi Free Press in the 1960s commonly addressed issues that affected Black Mississippians in the state. Image courtesy Mississippi Free Press

Redistricting is the center of political power and politics. Politics is a means to an end. Political districts should not dilute Black voting strength. It was merely 30 years ago that a community coalition consisting of the late Henry Kirksey, Southern Echo and the Mississippi NAACP drew alternate redistricting plans that produced 21 new districts, giving Black people better opportunities to gain seats in the Mississippi Legislature.

Today, Mississippi Republicans control the state government. Mississippi has been notably red basically since Gov. Kirk Fordice took the reins in January 2004. Mississippi politics had bipartisan pull when a larger Black caucus emerged, but today politics are more polarized.

Mississippians and visitors pay taxes on goods and services such as potato chips, electronics, hotel stays, dining experiences and countless more. The slices of the pie available for poor and tBlack Mississippians have decreased. Considering the State will not be redrawing new lines again until after the 2030 Decennial Census, you better believe that fighting for fair districts and wards now is crucial.

The Republican-controlled Mississippi Legislature has inadequately funded the capital city of Jackson’s infrastructure woos. Last year, a lawsuit challenged the unsafe water and sewer system at the state prison. Every human deserves clean water. All taxpayers deserve funds to be allocated to sustain health and life.

The most recent map for Mississippi Senate districts went into effect on March 29, 2022. Map courtesy State of Mississippi

State leaders criticize Jackson leaders’ stewardship over the city’s water-system billing flaws, but the State’s handling of the biggest historic welfare embezzlement rip-off scandal—one involving mother-and-son duo Nancy and Zachary New, who are white—is also an example of stewardship flaws. Text messages indicate that NFL athlete Brett Favre and former Gov. Phil Bryant may be linked to the scandal. This $24-million fraudulent scheme has effectively taken milk right out of the mouths of tens of thousands of poor families in Mississippi.

Today, Republicans have amassed a superpower in state politics. The party controls the House, the Senate and the gubernatorial seats. In the Magnolia State, Democrats are the underdogs. Republicans can pass state measures without any Democratic votes. Even though red state lawmakers control the majority, the blue underdogs have power in key counties and municipalities.

Importance of Getting Involved

During the most recent round of redistricting, the Mississippi Legislature held nine public hearings across the state. The first one was Aug. 5, 2021, at Meridian Community College. The next six hearings were at other community and state colleges. The last hearing was at the State Capitol in Jackson on Aug. 23, 2021.

As you may have heard or read, Mississippi Supreme Court districts have gone unchallenged since 1987—35 long years. This past spring, the ACLU and the Southern Poverty Law Center filed a lawsuit that challenges the supreme court districts. The suit claims the districts dilute Black voting strength and have prevented Black people from electing more candidates of choice to the State’s highest court. The suit is still ongoing.

“Redistricting is a valuable tool to increase community input about how they are represented politically and who they stand with as a political body,” Nsombi Lambright, executive director of One Voice, told me over email in July 2022.

“Redistricting results from the Decennial Census and is a component of accountable governance that is necessary for citizens to engage in while ensuring a democracy as stated by President Abraham Lincoln in the Gettysburg address (in 1863): ‘A government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the Earth.’” Southern Echo Executive Director Rachel Mayes told me through email in July. “Talk to your local officials to understand the status of redistricting where you live; there’s still time to get involved.”

This district map for the Mississippi House of Representatives came into effect on March 29, 2022. Map courtesy State of Mississippi

The Legislature adopted the state maps, but communities have a fighting chance at influencing the county and local redistricting rounds. Community groups are in the process of drawing alternative redistricting plans for local districts including city aldermen and members of city councils, school boards, county boards and other positions of influence.

Communities in Tunica, Lee, Quitman, Leake, Pike and Amite counties have presented alternative community maps to their boards of supervisors for consideration.

“Redistricting has just as much influence on who gets elected as voting,” Charles Taylor, interim executive director of the Mississippi State Conference NAACP, told me via email on July 6, 2022. “Gerrymandering is one of the most dangerous forms of voter suppression. We must continue to fight for fair maps on all levels.”

Come one, come all. I encourage those who care about accurate and fair representation to get involved. Let’s push the redistricting pen with alternative plans in every county and every municipality. The pen is powerful. Let’s use it.

“All politics are local, and we are currently organizing communities to fight for fair maps and representation by engaging in the redistricting process at the county and municipal levels,” Brenda Hyde, deputy director of Southern Echo, wrote to me in an email dated July 6, 2022. “It is not too late to join the fight for fair maps in Mississippi.”

To request technical assistance or to get involved in the redistricting process in your community, email Rachel Mayes at [email protected], Nsombi Lambright at [email protected] or Charles Taylor at [email protected].

This MFP Voices essay does not necessarily represent the views of the Mississippi Free Press, its staff or board members. To submit an essay for the MFP Voices section, send up to 1,200 words and sources fact-checking the included information to [email protected]. We welcome a wide variety of viewpoints. 

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